Eric Huang, MD, PhD

Professor
Pathology
415-476-8525

Cell Biology of Midbrain Dopaminergic (DA) Neurons

How do trophic factors regulate the development and maintenance of DA neurons?

DA neurons in the substantia nigra (SN) and ventral tegmental area (VTA) control a number of important psychomotor behaviors, from motor learning to addictive behaviors. Dysfunction or degeneration in DA neurons has been implicated in several neuropsychiatric disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease and schizophrenia. Understanding the molecular mechanisms that govern the differentiation, survival, and target innervation in DA neurons will provide important insights to the pathogenesis of these debilitating diseases. Previously, we have shown that Wnt-b-catenin and sonic hedgehog (Shh)-Smo signaling mechanisms regulate the expansion of DA progenitors and differentiation of DA neurons during embryonic development. Our recent efforts focus on how TGFb signaling mechanisms regulate survival, dendritic growth and synaptic plasticity of DA neurons. We use mouse genetics and molecular and cell biology to characterize how TGFb type II receptor (TbRII) and TGFb downstream transcriptional cofactor HIPK2 affect survival, homeostasis and maintenance of DA neurons in postnatal life. Furthermore, we also use experimental paradigms of neurodegeneration to determine whether the same signaling mechanisms can be “hijacked” to promote neuronal dysfunction and degeneration in human disease conditions.

Molecular and Cellular Mechanisms of FTLD and ALS 
How disease genes in FTLD and ALS contribute to the pathogenesis of neurodegeneration

Frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) is the second most common neurodegenerative disease in patients younger than 60 years old. A significant number of FTLD patients develop motor neuron degeneration with cellular and molecular signatures similar to those seen in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). To understand mechanisms that connect these two devastating diseases, we focus on genes in which mutations have been causally linked to human diseases. Specifically, our results show that FTLD gene Progranulin (PGRN) is required to suppress neuroinflammation in injury or toxin-induced neurodegenerative conditions. Loss-of-function in PGRN promotes neurodegeneration through activation of microgliosis and increases in proinflammatory cytokines. Our current effort focuses on how PGRN deficiency causes both cell autonomous and non-cell autonomous defects leading to neurodegeneration in the aging process. Finally, we are interested in characterizing the similarities and differences among three different ALS mouse models, ALS-SOD1, ALS-FUS and ALS-TDP43. Our efforts to compare and contrast these different models should provide new insights to the pathogenesis and therapeutics for both familial and sporadic ALS.

Current Projects

  • Signaling mechanisms of TGFb in the development and maturation of DA neurons
  • Mechanisms of HIPK2 in ER stress-induced neurodegeneration
  • Mouse models of Progranulin and FUS mutations in FTD and ALS

Lab Members

Ivy Hsieh, MD
Specialist
ivy.hsieh@ucsf.edu

Sebum Lee, PhD
Specialist
sebum.lee@ucsf.edu

Nic Leonio, MBA
Research Analyst
ceralexander.leonio@ucsf.edu

Hansen Lui, BS
Junior Specialist
hansen.lui@ucsf.edu

Yulei Shang, PhD
Specialist

Amy Tang, MS
Lab Manager
amy.tang@ucsf.edu

Vivian Tang, BA
Junior Specialist

Jiasheng Zhang, PhD
Specialist
jiasheng.zhang@ucsf.edu

Lab Website

Publications: